Ministry of Foreign Affairs Indonesia

The Role of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

As referred to in Articles 31 and 32 of the Presidential Regulation Number 9 of 2005 regarding the Position, Duties, Roles, Structure, and Work Procedure of the State Ministries of the Republic of Indonesia, and Article 7 of Law Number 39 of 2008 regarding State Ministries, the roles of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs are as follows:

  • To formulate national policies and implementing and technical policies in the field of foreign policy and foreign relations;
  • To manage governmental affairs within its scope of work;
  • To manage the state property/ assets under its responsibility;
  • To supervise the performance of its duties;
  • To deliver a report on the evaluation result, recommendation and consideration relating to its duties and functions to the President.
  • The Duty of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs

Law Number 37 of 1999 regarding Foreign Relations sets forth the following:

a. Foreign Relation is any activity in relation to regional and international aspects performed by the central and local governments, or Indonesian institutions, state institutions, legal entities, political organizations, civil society organizations, NGOs, or Indonesian people;

b. Foreign Policy is any policy, position, and measure of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia which is adopted while engaging with other countries, international organizations, and other international legal persons in its effort to address international issues in order to achieve the national objectives;

c. International agreement is any agreement in any form or name whatsoever, which is governed by international laws and made in writing and entered into by the Government of the Republic of Indonesia and one or more countries, international organizations, or other international legal persons which create the rights and obligations of the Government of the Republic of Indonesia pursuant to the public international law.

The Law also stipulates that the Minister of Foreign Affairs is a minister in charge of foreign relations and foreign policy. The scope of duties of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs is as follows:

a. Administration of foreign relations and implementation of foreign policy, including the facility and mechanism in the implementation, coordination between the central level and its representatives at the local level, authority and delegation of authority in the administration of foreign relations and implementation of foreign policy.

b. The principal provisions on the drafting and ratification of international agreements with more specific arrangements, including the criteria of international agreements the ratification of which requires the approval from the House of Representatives, later enacted in a separate law.

c. Protection of Indonesian citizens, including the provision of legal assistance and legal advice as well as consular services.

d. Foreign relation apparatus/officials.

The abovementioned is also expressly stipulated in Article 31 of Indonesian Presidential Regulation Number 9 of 2005 regarding the Position, Duties, Roles, Structure, and Work Procedure of the State Ministries of the Republic of Indonesia, and Article 7 of Law Number 39 of 2008 regarding State Ministries which further sets forth that the Ministry of Foreign Affairs has the duty to assist the President in the administration of some governmental affairs in the field of foreign policy and foreign relations.

Executive Summary

The Strategic Plan has been drafted and guided by the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 and the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) for 2010-2014 as its foundation. In addition to specifying the achievements in the implementation of tasks and authorities in the preceding period,

the Strategic Plan of the Ministry, as a medium-term planning document, also sets forth the vision, missions, purposes, strategies, policies, programs, and activities as well as the performance targets and funding which are to be implemented by all working units in the Ministry for the subsequent five-year period.

It provides guidelines for the implementation of tasks and functions and a tool to measure the efforts carried out to improve the performance of the Ministry in line with Indonesian principles of diplomacy. The past constraints and problems which have been managed in the preceding period should become a benchmark in determining the purposes and goals of foreign relations for five years ahead.

Within the international-domestic context, Indonesian diplomacy has demonstrated strengthened performance in the bilateral, regional and multilateral relations. Efforts in multilateral and regional diplomacy that Indonesia makes should be intensified by solid bilateral diplomacy. Indonesian foreign policy will actively seek to improve relations with countries in Asia Pacific, Africa, America, and Europe and bring it to a higher level to achieve the country’s interest. International acknowledgment of Indonesia is a significant element in the implementation of the country’s foreign policy in the future.

The foreign policy should reflect democratic transformation which has taken place at home. Hereafter, it is necessary to place an emphasis on the importance of support and participation from all stakeholders for the effective Indonesian foreign policy in strengthening its position at the international level.

The Strategic Plan has been drafted and guided by the National Long Term Development Plan (RPJPN) for 2005-2025 and the National Medium Term Development Plan (RPJMN) for 2010-2014 as its foundation. In addition to specifying the achievements in the implementation of tasks and authorities in the preceding period, the Strategic Plan of the Ministry, as a medium-term planning document, also sets forth the vision, missions, purposes, strategies, policies, programs, and activities as well as the performance targets and funding which are to be implemented by all working units in the Ministry for the subsequent five-year period.